Top U.S. military and civilian officials condemned the images, referring to the soldiers' behavior as abhorrent, and deemed that it "dishonored the sacrifice of thousands of Americans serving in Afghanistan".
One of the photos published by the newspaper shows members of the 82nd Airborne Division and members of the Afghan police posing with legs torn off the body of a suicide bombers.
The newspaper said that the same platoon, a few months later, went to investigate an incident in which alleged Taliban insurgents accidentally blew themselves up. On this occasion, the soldiers were again photographed with corpses.
According to the newspaper, a total of 18 images were taken during several months in 2010 by an unnamed former member of the unit.
The person in question made the photographs available and said this was done "in order to draw the attention to the collapse of leadership and discipline in the army and the threat that poses to the soldiers".
The U.S. military has launched a criminal investigation, the Los Angeles Times reported.